The American Competitiveness in the Twenty-First Century Act of 2000 (AC21) addressed the problem of delays and backlogs in the employment-based immigrant visa process by permitting certain applicants for adjustment of status to change jobs or employers. (See our post on the subject here.) Employers of these individuals do not need to retest the labor market for the new position, or obtain new, approved petitions on their behalf, if the following criteria are satisfied:
- An immigrant visa petition (Form I-140) on behalf of the applicant has been approved, or was approvable when filed.
- A filed application to adjust status to permanent resident, filed on the basis of the I-140, remains unadjudicated after 180 days or more.
- The applicant’s new job is in the same or a similar occupational classification as the job for which the petition was filed.